Also known as an e-bike or booster bike, an electric bike is a type of bike possessing a built-in electric motor used to produce propulsion for the movement of the bike. These electric bikes are also known as power bikes. With its pedals and handle, among other parts, looking just like a normal bike, the main reason the electric bike was designed, was to improve human effort. An electric bike basically makes biking a lot easier, while also ensuring you get an equal result as that of a non-electric bike, without putting as much effort.
Electric bikes are cheap, simple, efficient and also economical, but they are not for everyone. Unlike a nonelectric bike, electric bikes may be hard to pedal up and downhill (but you still get twice the resulting speed, compared to nonelectric bikes). They can also be bulky and heavy which makes them unsuitable for old and very young riders.
What makes an electric bike different from a nonelectric bike is its motors.
There are two types of electric bike motors:
- full power bike which is: designed for minimal pedaling over a short distance, and
- power assist bike (pedal assist bike) which is: similar to hybrid cars; they are designed to be pedaled more than a full power bike and is electrically powered when the rider gets tired or requires it to augment his effort and improve its efficiency up and downhill.
A typical electric bike is composed of 5 major parts:
- the motor,
- the frame,
- the battery,
- the spoke, and
- the brakes.
Charging the battery of an e-bike is as simple as plugging it directly in an electric socket. An e-bike battery can be charged between 300 to a 1000 times before it needs to be replaced and fully charged batteries can last between 3 and 10 hours.
Take away: Comfortability, as well as other quality components found in an ordinary bike, are also essential for an e-bike. The quality of the motor and the strength of the battery are other important considerations.